Thursday, July 26, 2012

Solving Solid Geometry


In solid geometry we study three dimensional geometry (3-D geometry).
For examples: Cube, cuboid, cylinder, cone, sphere, Pyramids, Prisms etc. Dimensions are the terms as length, width, height, thickness etc. A three dimensional figure must have length, width and height.


Cube : A three dimensional shape having equal length(a), width(a) and height (a).
Cuboid: A three dimensional shape having different length(l), width(w) and height(h).
Cylinder: A three dimensional shape having two circular faces of radius(r) at two ends and a curved surface of height(h).
Cone: A three dimensional shape having a circular face at one end and a curved surface of height(h).
Sphere: A three dimensional shape of radius r. For example: a ball.

Formulas for Solving Solid Geometry
(1) Cube :           Lateral Surface Area ( Area of four sides i.e. front, back, left, right ) = 4a2
                           Total Surface Area( Area of all six faces) = 6a2
                            Volume = a x a x a = a3
(2) Cuboid:        Lateral Surface Area ( Area of four sides i.e. front, back, left, right ) = 2h(l+w)
                            Total Surface Area( Area of all six faces) = 2( lw + wh + hl )
                             Volume = lwh
(3) Cylinder:      Curved surface area = 2Ï€rh
                            Total surface area (including two circles on both ends) = 2Ï€r(r+h)
                            Volume = 2Ï€r2h
(4) Cone :          Curved surface area = Ï€rl where l is the slant height of the cone l = `sqrt(h^2 + r^2)`
                            Total surface area (including a circles on the base) = Ï€r(r+l)
                            Volume = 1/3 Ï€r2h
(5) Sphere :      Surface area = 4Ï€r2
                            Volume = 4/3 Ï€r3

How to Solve Problems for Solid Geometry
Step 1) Make a figure of solid given in the problem.
Step 2) Write the dimensions of the solid e.g. length, width, height, radius etc.
Step 3) Apply the formula for particular solid geometry figure.
Step 4) Write the unit of the particular physical quantity e.g. square meters, cubic centimeters etc.

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